Chasing the Intruders: The Combat Career of Chinese MiG-15 Ace Han Decai (China Sky)

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Red Tails also provides the curious insight that you can open a B's bomb bay doors by setting the fuel mix for the number 3 engine to the idle cutoff position. The real bomb bay door control is not in the cockpit or particularly dramatic looking. The Mes like the one flown by Pretty Boy during the final battle were armed with four 30mm cannon, firing explosive shells. If Lightning had been hit by even one of those rounds in Real Life he would have been turned into a red smear all over his cockpit , much less the dozen or so that fatally wounded him in the movie.

In Sudden Death , the villain's JetRanger tilts back and goes vertically down into the stadium with its tail straight down and nose up in one of the silliest-looking copter crashes ever filmed. This is impossible with the rotors still spinning. Since they provide lift, upon going nose-up the JetRanger should've just spun out of control backwards due to the force of the rotor wash now pushing horizontally instead of vertically.

In addition, the rate of descent is slow - a full 58 seconds from when it first starts descending to when its tail first hits the ice. This did not happen until , 3 years after Pearl Harbor. In any number of low budget films where aviation is not of the essence, mistakes are rampant: In Street Of A Thousand Dreams , a man takes a flight from the US to Baghdad. The plane which takes off is a three rear-engine , while the plane that lands is a four winged-engine From there, he's taken to the local Baghdad airport to take a small plane to Basrah.

All of the planes there have N numbers, which is the designation applied to US planes. Coffee Tea Or Me , the stewardesses take off in a and land in a seems to be a pattern here. The CGI flying sequences were were spot on, but the scriptwriters for The Aviator just used random aviation terms in any dialogue between Howard Hughes and Odie. Interwar-era biplanes did not produce reverse thrust, for example. In Battlefield Earth , the heroes find a hangar full of Harriers, all of which aren't used for a millennium.

Nothing should be working after about a millennium, it takes years, not weeks to learn to fly a plane, none of them have flight-suits and yet they're all stunt dogfighter material. On the positive side, they do mention that Harrier jets can hover. Note that Harriers are so unreliable that the fact that they can even be repaired is implausible. Also shown is stock footage of a C Hercules dropping bombs The C, is of course a cargo plane and, aside from literally shoving the near-car sized BLU "daisy cutter" directly out the back of its cargo bay, can't drop bombs at all.

At least in the close-up shots, the aircraft are models of Ju Stukas, precisely the type of dive-bomber that would have been used at the time. The recce plane that spots the heroes earlier on, however, is definitely American rather than German, since the production had the help of the Greek army and navy — who happened to have a lot of surplus American hardware on hand.

In Pacific Rim , the F Raptors are shown firing two guns, but the production craft only has one on the right side. At least the tracer rounds are coming from the right spot. Averted in Canadian film Arrow which used a very accurate fiberglass replica of the real CF interceptor built by an enthusiast. Rumor has that, when the completed prototypes were being destroyed in the movie— which is why no real Arrow survives today—the film crew actually cut up the replica they were using to pieces, to the dismay of the guy who built and still owned it. Averted and played straight in the film Test Pilot.

One of the planes used was a Y1B that crashes in the movie and the studio got permission from the United States Army to use one for some, but not all, of the scenes. They had to use a modified DC-2 as a stand in at times because the Army was quite understandably skittish about letting a movie studio have free reign with a very expensive heavy bomber prototype that was still under evaluation.

The first production B wouldn't make its maiden flight until over a year after the film was released. Also, the plane's tail number of NEA reveals that it was manufactured in , two years after the setting of the film. Los amantes pasajeros has got almost everything avation-related glaringly wrong. The aircraft where the main part of the film takes place is in peril because one of the landing gear won't retract; the cause is given to be a wheel blocker left accidentally in place by the ground crew. When the landing gear indicator is shown in close-up, there are three green lights and one red.

This indicates the exactly opposite situation as the one we're told about, as green light indicates the gear is down and locked and red light means it is completely retracted.

A Global History of Indigenous Peoples | SpringerLink

The pilots state that they can't land because no airport would accept them. There's absolutely no explanation as to why no airport wants to allow an emergency landing, which is an obvious violation of regulations. The Great Raid : In order to provide a distraction so the Rangers can get into position to attack the prison, the USAAF sends an aircraft in to buzz the camp and hold the attention of the Japanese garrison. Truth in Television. The Hudson was a relatively conventional-looking twin-engined aircraft. The plane chosen to assist the actual Cabanatuan raid was a North American P Black Widow, a heavily-armed, radar-equipped night fighter with a much more unusual twin-boom fuselage not unlike the P Lightning.

Then, in a view from right under the aircraft, when the landing gear come out, each bogie has two axles, while shots from a distance correctly show one axle for each bogie. In Con Air : The plane that transports federal prisoners is depicted as as a flying prison, with cells for disruptive inmates. The real planes involved in the "Con Air" transport system are little different from regular commercial planes, and there are no cells. Inmates are shackled during flight, but safety regulations prohibited shackling them to any part of the plane.

Mostly averted in Battle of Britain. British aircraft were portrayed by actual Spitfires and Hurricanes, though typically variants that entered service later in the war. While airlines do have direct flights between the two cities, flights from the United States to Europe take off in the evening in order to take advantage of the time zone difference.

This flight also uses a Boeing , a type that does not form part of American's fleet. Also, external shots of the plane are of a , whilst the internal ones are of a In the Steven Seagal movie "Flight of Fury", they used so much stock footage that the type of aircraft varied between almost every scene, as well as having the stock footage of the SR and the F be fuzzy because it was not filmed in high-def, and changing from day to night and back again in a few minutes of flight time. All of them fly west over the Pacific and China, not even taking the polar route a distance of 13, miles or 21, kilometers , which would have added a few thousand miles to their trip.

Dale Brown knows next to nothing about any airplane being produced outside of the US, and his Patrick McLanahan novel series shows this in spades. In Real Life , the X project never produced a working prototype, but even if it had done so, the X was unmanned, too small to accommodate any payload at all, let-alone adequate life-support, and was built not by Boeing, but by their arch-rival Lockheed-Martin.

At the time of writing, the Real Life F "Nighthawk" the triangular thing you think of as the Stealth Fighter was operational, but very secret. The actual missions it's used in other than shooting down a Soviet AWACS in its first in-story deployment closely mirror the missions the real F was used for, but Clancy's version is still far more capable than the real thing, being capable of going supersonic and engaging in air-to-air combat.

It seems to be based on the entirely fictional F model kit by Testor. Elizabeth Bear did not look up the length of transoceanic zeppelin voyages in writing New Amsterdam. She implies one takes two weeks or so; the actual length of such flights was five or six days, and zeppelins purpose-built for transoceanic journeys like the Hindenburg could do a round trip in that time.

It is apparently so wondrous that it can fly across Africa and then still hover like a gunship, firing from the manned minigun turrets on the wings. Oh, and it is so stable that the teams resident Badass Israeli can fire a Barrett. In Scarecrow , a French Harrier is hit by a truck, after hovering like a gunship. There is no external damage, but it blows up a few seconds later. In Explorers The helicopter has amazing fuel capacity. The kid's spaceship is flying when the Drive In is open - evening, between 9pm and 1am.

Then a helicopter encounters it shortly after the Drive in. We next see the helicopter landing at the airport in broad daylight - presumably at the end of a shift, late enough in the morning that the newspapers have been published and are available. That's easy 7 hours of flight that evening - a long time for almost any kind of helicopter to be just tooling around in the sky. In Harry Potter , Mr. Weasley has made a flying car that can fly into the upper atmosphere.

Just Plane Wrong

Why the driver doesn't freeze to death or asphyxiate at those altitudes is unclear probably magic. Protagonist Rayford Steele laments that he's been turned down as pilot of Air Force One, and someone mentions that he's applied for the job with each new president. The problem is, he's a commercial airline pilot. Air Force One is a military aircraft operated by the USAF and has always been piloted by, at lowest rank, a lieutenant colonel. The President himself also laments at one point having to give up Air Force One, as if the designation is for a specific aircraft - "Air Force One" actually applies to any Air Force craft currently carrying the President, rather than specifically referring to the VCs most commonly used for this purpose of which there are two, anyway, so even giving up one would still leave him with another.

Except the Boeing already exists in the real world, and has since , thirteen years before the series started. It's clear the authors thought of the popular and imagined one model later. In our world, the is smaller than the , intended for medium range flights. In The Tomorrow Series , the protagonists attack an enemy airbase at one point. The planes are described as being fabric-covered and having visible ribs after they've burned. This would be a bit out of date by , but the novels are implicitly set 20 Minutes into the Future.

In William S. Lind's Victoria the Nothern Confederacy is easily able to locate and intercept stealth aircraft because they employ s long-wave radar tech. If old radar could find stealth bombers, we would employ it alongside or incorporate it into modern sets. NC pilots are also easily able to defeat air-to-air missiles by flying in diamond or box formations, the missiles always pass harmlessly through the center. Warren Fahy's novel Fragment suggests that debris from Amelia Earhart's plane may have washed up on Henders Island, with the characters examining a life preserver labeled "Electra" and stating that was the name of Amelia's plane.

In truth, the aircraft model was a Lockheed Electra 10E, and was never given a name beyond the registration number NR Live Action TV. The landing sequence in The A-Team from the episode The Beast from the Belly of the Boeing was largely accurate for a TV show, though it did make some notable mistakes. Murdock tells Hannibal to put the plane in a shallow dive to descend, which is not what airliners generally do. A "dive" means to lower the nose of the plane without reducing engine power; the resulting maneuver sheds altitude in exchange for higher airspeed.

Airliners rarely dive when descending, and certainly won't be losing airspeed while in a shallow dive. Airliners generally just cut back on the engines to descend, and the reduced airspeed reduces lift and lets the plane drop and often with spoilers partly deployed. The team also forget to deploy spoilers after touchdown, and despite being completely out of fuel Murdock tells them to reverse the thrusters, which is absolutely useless if they engine isn't producing any thrust.

In The '60s , Doctor Who seemed to use rocket stock footage in every other serial. This dropped off in later years, but didn't die off completely until nearly the end of the original run. And by "obviously" we mean it has "NASA" painted on the side in big, easily legible letters. In "The Big Bang", there is a scene showing a small video reel showing the journey of the Pandorica from Stonehenge to London. The video ends with the Blitz in In addition to lifting scenes from Destination Moon , the second episode of The Time Tunnel used an Atlas rocket to represent the launch of a mission to Mars.

Averted when Donald P. Bellisario actually did do the research for the pilot episode of Quantum Leap. He went scouting for a Bell X-2, only to presumably be told that both the X-2s were destroyed in crashes so he'd have to make a replica. The full-scale fiberglass replica he had built is on display at Chino airport's Planes of Fame air museum, unfortunately quite worse for the weather since it's been stored outside for years, sans wings. The AT-6 is a noticeably larger and somewhat differently-shaped aircraft than a Zero.

Those "Zekes" got around; they later showed up in the time-travel movie The Final Countdown , which had the nuclear carrier USS Nimitz warped back to the late afternoon of December 6, , just west of Hawaii Dark Skies used a Redstone-Mercury to represent a Gemini launch despite Gemini stock footage being widely available. Real passenger planes don't carry parachutes. There appears to be only one pilot onboard. When they're in the cockpit, the engine gauges are mentioned.

The plane is a two-engined jet, but the pilot mentions 'engine three'. In the climax, Jack manages to open the cabin door in mid-air and jump out with the drink cart. Ted later climbs out the cabin door onto the fuselage. Both scenes are impossible due to the design of cabin doors. A more likely scenario is Jack struggling to open the door and being found by the priests.

Airwolf : All aircraft from Soviet-influenced countries are depicted as having Soviet color schemes, complete with red star. For example Poland and Czechoslovakia used their pre-WWII roundels, East Germany used the black-red-yellow lozenge, and other Warsaw Pact countries used red stars, but with some variation in design - typically a miniature roundel of their national colours inside the star. For example Romania used such star from to , before reverting to the pre-WWII roundel in Romanian national colours.

To give you an idea of the size of the error, the Hunter is two generations of fighter aircraft older, i. The Mirage is a third-gen, late s aircraft, capable of exceeding Mach 2. The Mirage also has a large, triangular "delta" wing, and looks nothing like the Hunter. Another episode features F-4s in service with the government of Suriana, a country in Latin Land.

The F-4 was not exported to any state there and considering the instability of that country, it would not be high on the export list. In one episode, Stock Footage of F-4s play Fs. Rather different aircraft. While footage of the "Foxbat" may have been hard to acquire in , that's not even trying. The two are similar in appearance and function both were their country's first supersonic fighters. Several errors are made: the pilot and copilot believe the choices are a Harrier or SR Blackbird, forgetting that all USN carrier aircraft use refuelling probes the probes on the Tomcat and Hornet fold away when not in use.

Secondly, they're using a "male" boom refuler, instead of the hose-and-drogue setup. The male boom plugs into the aircraft, and can't fit a refueling probe. Third, the crew is shocked to be refueling a helicopter The military-legal show JAG has many examples of this trope in practically every episode dealing with aircraft. There was a scene where some attack chopper was supposed to be firing machine guns. The noise was right, but the heli was really firing rockets from a pod. They were probably used in place of the guns because machine guns firing look quite boring in real life, as opposed to foot-long flaming "bullets".

Oh, and here's a suggestion: if playing a JAG Drinking Game , drinking whenever a plane changes model in flight will get you drunk quick smart. The F had retired from USN service before the episode was made. Jetstream , a documentary series on the training of Canadian fighter pilots, constantly has the announcer refer to the aircraft as the "F Hornet". That was the original designation, but only Finland appears to use it.

This is common with with other aircraft that have complex or unpopular official tri-service designations. Generally when referring to these aircraft, people will use the shorter but technically incorrect designation, or its common service name. For example, almost no-one calls the A the "thunderbolt II". It is universally known as either the A, or the "hawg" or "warthog". Smallville once featured a character taking a trip by private jet.

When shown on the ground it was a Bae The shot of it en route showed it had suddenly acquired a third engine and looked like a Falcon It then got into trouble and plummeted Earthwards and turned into a Cessna before coming to rest as wreckage that looked like a Lear.

Struggle and Survival

In a later episode of the TV series, he pilots what's supposed to be the same aircraft yet again. This time, they show a Bell X-2 rocket plane. In the script, Steve Austin calls the plane the "X-PJ-1" perhaps the script writer was wearing pajamas at the time. This scene was supposedly showing a single flight. In yet another episode, Steve identifies a fighter an F by the engine note alone supposedly realistic, too. In one of the scenes, you see an F dropping bombs. The problem is that the F never saw service in Vietnam. In fact, the F's first flight wasn't until a few years after this scene was supposed to take place.

The F had been retired before the episode was made; even if they'd still been active, they would have been far more likely to have been scrambled from a nearby aircraft carrier than flying from a land base. It's doubtful any Fs ever operated out of Bagram. Entirely averted on Top Gear , due in large part to 1. I believe that will have been built in China" and 2. Rod Serling used his brother Robert, who was an aviation writer, and an airline-pilot friend as sources for the cockpit dialogue. Particularly jarring to anyone with half a brain in Jericho , where the main character reports seeing a Tupolev "Bear" and some escorts, when the plane in question is clearly is a C Hercules, the single longest-produced American military aircraft of all time.

Air Crash Investigation has a tendency to fall into this as well. One example is in the episode "Bomb on Board", which recycles the same clip for taking off and landing with the thrust reversers deployed. In another episode, it is made clear that the people making the show believe that any twinjet in an American Airlines livery must be an A In The Comic Strip Presents episode "Four Men in a Plane", our heroes take off for the middle east in a four-engined airliner, but when they land it's only got two engines.

There's a rocket example in an episode of Blake's 7. Establishing model shots of the rocket are clearly based on the Russian Soyuz design, but the actual launch footage is of an American rocket. Presumably the producers were planning to use stock Soviet launch footage but either couldn't get it or thought it was of insufficient quality.

Guess which one of these German aircraft wasn't in service as a bomber during The source novel explains that the tail section of the He broke off and crashed into the woods after the rest of the aircraft crashed into the laundry. Since the dorsal gun on a He is located relatively far forward on the aircraft there is no way the tail section of this aircraft could break off and still contain the gun position.

While the Ju 52 used in the TV series was clearly incorrect for the time period, at least it had the gun position in the 'correct' spot for the plot to actually work. Leverage falls into this fairly frequently. The most obvious case is in "The Mile High Job" which centers a round a plane flight. On the flight, they have Parker giving the safety spiel on just about any plane with an entertainment system, this is given by a video , and the plane itself seems to be a with the wings of an A The large plane that serves as the mobile base for the team in Agents of S.

Also, considering how much a C-5 flares rotates its nose up for takeoff and landing, a pair of engines hanging that low, that far aft, would make a takeoff or landing run really interesting, for the pilots and everyone else aboard. As it turns out, the extra engines are necessary when the plane hovers in "The Hub".

But making her a VTOL just brings up more technical problems, like insufficient thrust and structural support for the engines. Applied Phlebotinum plus Rule of Cool is the only possible way to overcome these problems. In "", the Bus makes a landing on a dirt landing strip in the jungle, kicking up much dirt and debris directly into the engine intake. The problem is, while the interior shots are of a normal civilian helicopter, which makes sense, the CGI exterior shots of the heli are of a freaking AH Apache, which has no business being a transport vehicle for civilians.

It's likely they just reused a 3D model they had lying around, since a similar CG Apache appears in the Origin Story scene where Shotaro and Philip transform into Double for the first time. Parodied like everything else in Angie Tribeca. A Boeing seen at an airport terminal suddenly turns into a badly animated two-seater biplane when in the air. Interior shots show a wide-body jet, but cockpit scenes include the loud buzzing of an old prop engine.

And it's so long that it takes Angie several minutes to run the length of the plane In the "Crazy World War II Weapons" episode of White Rabbit Project , Tory says the proposed bat bombs were to be dropped by Bs, which were only conceived after the war's end, and wouldn't see service until The plan actually called for Bs. Neither can the Eurofighter or non-navalized Russian MiGs. Also present is a French Army Caracal helicopter.

A Magnum, P. Not quite as bad as it could be, though, given the MD is a civilian variant of the OH-6 Cayuse, which saw combat in Vietnam. Cabin Pressure averts this: the writer obviously does lots of research. Tabletop Games.

China J-11b armed with PL-15 m1ssiIes

BattleTech lacks an explanation for how some of its aircraft even manage to get airborne , let alone fly. For instance, the Leopard Drop Ship is known as "The Brick" and yet somehow manages to remain airborne as well as go from space travel to atmospheric travel with no modifications. Video Games. Battlefield games tend to have slightly silly flight models the original's planes tend to practically leap into the air , while aircraft in later games are far tougher than they should be Desert Combat's AC can fly straight through the factory chimneys at El Al, while BF2's helicopters can survive a direct hit from a main battle tank and with Easy Logistics in full swing helicopters can re-arm by hovering over runways, planes just by flying over them; this is generally regarded as a fairly serious Game-Breaker since it means they require no support of any kind.

The pilot of a multi-seat aircraft can also instantly teleport between seats ; skilled players sometimes use this in helicopters to fire TV-guided missiles despite having no gunner. This example may be intentional, as the information Haggard recites off the top of his head the Mriya name's meaning, "Dream", and carry weight of tons are things that one would have to have done quite a bit of research on the plane to have it on-hand like that; it's also surprising, both to the rest of the squad and the audience, for Haggard of all people to actually know that much about, well, anything he responds to the squad's stunned silence with "What?

I can know stuff! The fact that he's wrong makes it even funnier. For starters, the pilot and co-pilot walk out onto the flight deck without putting on their helmets until just before climbing aboard their craft - real pilots have hearing protection on long before they get that close to an active plane, because even when idle jet engines are loud. The pilot also misuses "bogies" to refer to aircraft they already know are enemies, and one of the objectives halfway through the opening dogfight tells you to "Take out the remaining MiGs", when the enemies are flying the Sukhoi SuS.

On the other hand, even real Naval aviators have applauded the actual takeoff for showing the real speed and exhilaration of using a steam catapult to launch off the carrier. A real F would be incapable of doing this without wasting a ton of fuel. Splinter Cell has a few examples of playing this trope straight. In the first title, Georgia is depicted as having what looks like either a MiG or a Su, neither of which are correct. Additionally, the depiction of the interior dimensions of the V Osprey are noticeably generous to anyone who has actually stepped foot in one.

Large computer bank on each wall with room to move comfortably in between? Not likely In the games, multiple Sus are flown in battle by the various sides, all the way up to whole squadrons using the model, like Gault in The Belkan War. Also subverted on occasion, however; for example, both the X Wyvern and the ADF Falken superfighters, which look implausibly cool, have been modeled in the realistic flight sim X-Plane and successfully proven to be airworthy under modern flight knowledge limitations.

This far from stops fanboys of Glorious Mother Russia insisting in YouTube comments that no pesky American jet should be able to keep up with their beloved MiGs and Sukhois, never mind score a gunkill. Similarly, when they came out, multiple titles feature more Lockheed-Martin F fighters serving in multiple air forces then were operational in the actual world, and with the decision of military spending in the United States, will probably ever be operational.

Ace Combat Shattered Skies added the Fox and other brevity codes for launching weapons, but most air-to-air special weapons are called with "Fox One", the term for semi-active radar-guided weapons, despite them being modeled after and programmed to act like active radar-guided weapons that would be called with "Fox Three". Ace Combat 5 fixed this applying "Fox One" solely to the weapon identified as a semi-active weapon and using "Fox Three" for the others , but still has the issue of air-to-ground missiles using Fox codes instead of proper terms like "Bruiser" for the LASM; this too was fixed in Zero.

The most egregious - albeit deliberate - departure from reality is the missile armament on the planes - first, the planes can carry a ludicrous number of missiles upwards of fifty on the low-end fighters early in the series, and up to more than a hundred in more modern games; real missile armaments, even on the most heavily laden of proposed fighters, such as the FX, max out at 22, and few planes currently in service can carry more than 12 , and second, the standard heat-seeking missiles are able to lock on to, and are equally effective against, both fast-moving fighters as well as hardened bunkers and buildings.

A lot of the special weapons are also more viable than in reality; while you still can't lock onto an air target with a dedicated air-to-ground weapon, ground and sea targets are given no such distinction, so there's nothing stopping you from destroying a fortified bunker with a Harpoon that shouldn't work as well as it does over land the only difference between the "LAGM" and "LASM" is that one dives upon reaching the target and has a wider blast radius, while the other dives upon firing and focuses its full power on the target.

Apparently they mistook or mistranslated canards as "forward-swept wings", since a lot of the planes described as forward-swept designs do have canards. In Ace Combat 2 , an F's thrust vectoring is shown off at one point in the intro cinematic, but its engines point in different directions during a roll, which the real F's engines can't actually do their thrust-vectoring is two dimensional, and only assists with pitch.

There's also the issue of it and its Su wingmate taking off from an aircraft carrier when neither of them are carrier-capable; the latter could have at least been possible if it were the Su instead, which looks nearly identical to the Su but is actually capable of carrier takeoffs and landings. Earlier games in the series utilized a Flanker that was referred to as the original Su but was very clearly not one, having the canards of upgraded models like the Su and original Su Likewise for other planes that were still in development at the time of the games' releases; for instance, the F was not actually an F until Ace Combat 3: Electrosphere , every prior game released before the production F was finalized using the YF prototype, of which only two existed, and the Su in 04 being noticeably different from the real thing due to a lack of proper sources to model it after, being more of a hybrid between the real Su and the fictional Su from Electrosphere.

The main reason that the game can give a seemingly limitless supply of Super Prototypes and Tech Demonstrators to enemy and friendly fighter squadrons is because it takes place in an alternate universe that goes through at least two large-scale wars per decade because nuclear proliferation doesn't exist to make such aggression the quickest way to turn the game into a Fallout clone , where the outcome of these wars very often hinges on the prowess of air support Erusea in 04 is able to take over almost the entirety of Usea before the game starts simply by having an extremely effective anti-air defense system that reaches over most of the continent and the possibilities of such aircraft entering active service with any military are as such perfectly reasonable.

Although this then raises the question of why an alternate Earth with different geography and politics has managed to produce the same planes, credited to the same companies, as our world — and that's before you get into the issue of companies selling or licensing their designs to both sides of a conflict granted, the latter fact actually becomes a plot point in the fifth game. Ace Combat Infinity , set in the real world, has an alternate justification for why there are so many rare or obsolete planes still flying in - following the Ulysses asteroid impact and most governments' reducing military spending to focus on rebuilding, a company called Wernher and Noah Enterprises have taken up production of military craft, streamlining the process via "Advanced Automated Aviation Plants" to the point that planes can be built quickly, cheaply, and efficiently so long as blueprints for it exist.

This makes mercenary squadrons like the players are in a very lucrative business what with a surplus of planes but a shortage of pilots to fly them , but also allows terrorist groups access to vast amounts of military hardware. That said, it still stretches plausibility when you realize that both planes which didn't exist prior to the Ulysses impact in , such as the SuS first flight in , the T , and the ATD-X and even fictional designs from the Strangereal universe, up to and including the R Delphinus and X Night Raven from Electrosphere set in , for context are available with little explanation, the first handful handwaved as coming from an undefined "hostile country" before the descriptions for later ones straight-up forgot this game is set in an alternate universe.

Apparently the developers didn't want to bother modeling another aircraft. It's also rather sad considering Call of Duty 4 correctly showed the Marines getting their air support from SuperCobras and Harriers - except in multiplayer, where again the F carries out both their airstrikes and those of the SAS. A lesser goof is that the launching of AGM HARMs, which no F variant is compatible with, is announced with a call of "Fox Three", which is the brevity code for air-to-air, active radar-guided missiles.

An anti-radiation air-to-ground missile would be fired with a call of "Magnum". Call of Duty 4 also features Mi Hind attack helicopters in Chernobyl's vehicle graveyards. No such aircraft are present in the real graveyards. Zakhaev's forces also use MiN Havocs for air cover in the Chernobyl missions, at best a couple months before the prototype for that version even had its first flight. Especially odd is that, in the rest of the game, where the MiN being ubiquitous would have been temporally possible, the Ultranationalists are the only non-playable faction that doesn't use them.

In a rather minor example, the loading screen for the famous " Death from Above " mission features a wireframe model of the ACH "Spectre" easily identified by two M61 Vulcan cannons , but the info given and what the player actually uses in the mission is a single 25mm GAU, indicating it's actually an ACU "Spooky".

To go meta, most third-party sources state that the plane used is the Spectre based on the fifteen-second wireframe cutscene rather than the actual gameplay. Modern Warfare 2 had a chronic case of Easy Logistics , with magical transatlantic Havocs-apparently-carrying-BMPs probably the biggest example. World at War gets this wrong on occasion. The worst example would be from the beginning of the Soviet campaign, where "German bombers" are seen flying over Stalingrad in a Blitz-style air-raid.

Quite apart from the fact that the Germans did not use saturation bombing on Stalingrad at that point in the battle what with with their own men inside the city and everything , the planes featured are Focke-Wulf Fw s, which were primarily naval reconnaissance and patrol aircraft, and had small bomb bays. Fw s were deployed to Stalingrad, but only as transport aircraft making up part of Goering's idiotic "air bridge".

They were likely used in the game because they had four engines, and thus looked more intimidating than the Dornier Do 17s and Heinkel He s that would actually have been used. If the Germans had ever been serious about strategic bombing, they would have used He "Greif" heavy bombers though notoriously unreliable they could at least carry large bombloads , certainly not maritime patrol aircraft. The cannons were often reported as a field modification to Catalinas in the Pacific, but they'd have to remove the machine guns to make the room for them - they weren't meant as an additional set of guns to support the Ms but rather as straight-up replacements with better range and power.

Additionally, the player's Catalina is severely undermanned - the real things had a crew of ten pilot, copilot, flight engineer, navigator, radio and radar operators, and four gunners for the individual turrets , but the player's crew is at half that pilot and copilot alongside only two gunners and one guy handling everything else. Call of Duty: Black Ops has U-2 spyplanes in multiplayer, which can be hit from the ground with small-arms fire.

The actual U-2s were designed specifically to fly so high that then-existing anti-aircraft weaponry couldn't reach them. There is no in-game justification for why they would be flying so low, it's pure game balance. It also features both NPC and player-controlled Hind gunships in Vietnam in , a full year and a half before its first flight and four years before it entered military service, but that's one of the lesser anachronisms in this game. A less noticeable but even more anachronistic goof is that the in-game Hind also has a missile warning system for when enemies acquire a lock with a missile launcher, and an automated countermeasure system to redirect the first such missile fired at it; the real craft didn't have such systems until they started losing a handful of Hinds to Mujahideen fighters utilizing Stinger missiles partway through the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan almost two decades later.

Modern Warfare 3 's second mission starts with a transmission from F pilots preparing for a bombing run, but the wireframe models and information on the screen, along with the planes that actually show up in the mission, are all once again Fs. F Stealth Fighter was a combat flight simulator produced by Microprose in Its fictional plane used the same general appearance as the Testor Corporation's model kit, and was similar in capability to the F featured in Tom Clancy's Red Storm Rising a few years earlier. Ironically the game was released on the same day that the U. The problem being that the Navy uses neither of these.

The Air Force uses Fs there is no Naval [read:carrier landing] variant planned, the Navy's version of the Advanced Tactical Fighter program being cancelled less than a year after development began on the finalized F and the Apache is only used by the Army. The Navy also doesn't give up its flight deck space to the other services when they have their own aircraft to use.

If the game is really set a few years in the future, then the deck could be covered in the similar-looking and planned-to-be-ubiquitous F, and the Apaches could be handwaved as the Marines finally replacing the aging Super Cobra rather than just upgrading it , but it probably isn't. They also don't use Blackhawks, so the ubiquitous transports should be upgraded Hueys, or if it's really the future, V Osprey tilt-rotors.

If the developers had just name-swapped the Army for the Marines in dialogue, almost everything except the carrier would work fine. The demo of the same studio's next flight sim, Birds of Steel , doesn't do as well, though, with the narrator of the tutorial at one point telling you to fire the "afterburners" on your P Thunderbolt, a single-engined propeller plane which, due to the mechanics of piston-engined planes, could never be fitted with an afterburner even if they had been invented when the game was set.

While a "Jug" certainly couldn't have a "reheat", the afterburner was actually around back then. The Italian Caproni-Campini CC1 fighter prototype of used a radial engine to run a ducted fan much like many modern radio-control flying models , and it did have a "thrust augmentator", which squirted avgas into the duct behind the fans and ignited it. In other words, an afterburner. Early jet technology could get a little strange, by modern standards. DiD's 80s flight sim F Retaliator has some rather odd quirks; for a start, the poster plane is actually the F, the game having been mis-announced by Ocean's notoriously fearsome CEO and nobody wanting to correct him mirroring the urban legend about the SR's name.

The YF wouldn't fly until a year after the game came out, so the aircraft is based on concept art that closely resembles the much later MiG 1. But that's not even the start of the silliness. You are still in full control of your plane after ejecting from it. You can even kill yourself by bringing the plane around and crashing it into the descending pilot sprite. Landing gear raises instantly. It's possible to kill yourself the second a mission starts by pressing G yes, a six foot drop is a fatal crash; apparently your plane is made from blasting caps and dynamite ; have fun, since you want to press F and B to extend flaps and disengage the parking brake.

There is actually an F in the game. It's the X research aircraft magically turned into a fighter without changing anything about it — even the paint scheme on the intro screen. The player is offered the choice between the not-F and the F at the start of the game.

In Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater Volgin has a great number of Mi Hind helicopters under his command, but the game takes place in , six years before the helicopter went into production and even the first prototype was still very early in development. To give the designers some credit, the helicopters are the early Hind-A version with the polygonal canopy, instead of the iconic bubble canopy of the Hind-D and later models, making it an example of Rare Helicopters.

It's also worth noting that the game explains that Volgin has priority access to what was at the time the cutting edge of Soviet equipment, and in a Codec conversation you find out that this is the first time anyone from the West has encountered the design, with Snake being the one who initially suggests the "Hind" callsign based on the fact that it looks to be a sleeker derivative of the Mi-8 Hip although that potentially opens another can of worms when you consider the Mi-8 wasn't actually adopted by the Soviet military until ' The game's designers deserve quite a bit of credit, as most of the 'wacky designs' for vehicles in the game save the Shagohod, which is classically Awesome, but Impractical in traditional Metal Gear fashion are drawn from rare but existing real life prototypes and models, such as the M21 insertion drone used by Naked Snake at the start of Operation Snake Eater and the Bartini Beriev WIG which appears in the ending scenes.

Even the science-fiction-style hovering platforms used by patrols in some areas are based on real prototypes , proving once again that Reality Is Unrealistic. Averted by X-Plane. While flight sims are generally pretty good at getting it right X-Plane 's attention to detail and real-world flight physics is so incredibly accurate it can be used, along with the right hardware, for getting one's FAA certification.

That's right, they've shown so much work that many countries' aviation regulators agree it's just like flying a real airplane. Tom Clancy 's H. You don't even get a choice of what plane to fly for the mission when replaying it later. Even though this could have exceeded the never-exceed velocity of some slower planes. Even includes all planes breaking the sound barrier, which in real life could have shattered some of them. The second game fixes that, allowing the plane to stall even in Assistance ON mode, though the flight computer still makes it difficult to do so.

When in Assistance OFF mode, the player is able to stall the plane out. It indeed does start plummeting near-immediately, but a stall is more likely to happen when the player is flying extremely slowly while turning a lot. Where it falls into this trope is that, if the player decides to stay in that state for the hell of it by keeping the plane level with the ground and holding the airbrakes, their plane will in most cases start to fly backwards.

This was fixed in the sequel. Like Ace Combat , the planes are all given ludicrous amounts of missiles this time the absolute minimum is about 88, flying a "Low Payload" craft on the highest difficulty which cuts missile counts that can target both fast-movers and stationary ground installations. The second game still gives planes at least three-fourths of a full ton worth of missiles, but the default ones are explicitly-labeled "Heat-Seeking Missiles" that can only target other aircraft.

In a reversal of the original point, at one point the player character defects from the Artemis PMC back to the US military. He does so while defending a naval group, who suggests clearing a space on their aircraft carrier for them to land, even though it's possible and likely, given the game's suggested plane for the mission that the player is not flying a jet capable of landing on a carrier.

Every jet in the game with more than one variant uses the exact same model for each one, even when later variants add or remove extra seating, switch out the engines, or the like. The only other exceptions are when a variant of a plane adds canards, but that's the only difference, and if you look at the textures, you'll note that for most craft with canards like the Flanker family, they're lazy enough about it that canards are textured even on variants that don't have them. Aerobiz : Though most aircraft have historically accurate phase-in and discontinuation dates, they don't feature accurate seating capacities or operational ranges.

This is further exaggerated by the fact that the game does not allow airlines to make any alterations to the seating capacities or cabin configurations. Bad enough. There are no words. The Transformers Licensed Games has Dreadwing who takes the role of fighter jet enemy in the game. Granted some private companies in the States do have MiGs that are used as targets for training exercises, but particularly with the film's sub-plot about the US thinking the Qatar attack was done by a foreign power with Russia, North Korea, China, and later Iran in a throwaway line being named-dropped.

Three guesses which fighter jet all four of those nations happen to use. The concept artist at least for the Transformers of the first two games reveals he was actually barred from modeling an American fighter jet for the game and he only went with the MiG because if you squint it kinda looks an F The licensed game for Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen also has this issue.

In reality, the Comanche was canceled in and, despite it having respectable firepower, was primarily meant to serve as a target spotter for the Apache. It also is incapable of carrying any passengers, let alone the three that are packed into the same helicopter in one mission. Also, any points for the Hornets can be taken away as the same level has CH Super Stallions on their littoral combat ships.

The Super Stallion is a Marine helicopter. Blazing Angels lets the heroic World War II pilots upgrade to flying the F Twin Mustang, which first flew a month before the end of the war and didn't see combat until Korea. One of the playable planes in Skies Of War is a C Skytrain , which is used as a medium bomber, of all things, with a missile mount and two fixed forward facing gun positions on each wing in addition to the bomb bays. While versatile and no doubt capable of such a theoretical modification, the C was a cargo and paratrooper plane, with a close support variant, the AC "Spooky", mounting three gun positions along the port side.

This is strange, as the B Mitchell could have easily taken its place as the medium twin engined bomber. The American fighters attacking the Walker in the Berlin level are not only able to drop an enormous bomb payload, far too large for this type of plane, but even several paratroopers in one flight. The introduction to Yuri's Revenge is even worse.

The CGI models are proper Harriers, but the cockpit view showcased on a few occasions is wildly inaccurate, depicting a control panel with a pair of gauges and two or three Big Red Buttons , rather than the array of several gauges and buttons that even the earliest Harrier variants had - to say nothing of the actual head-up display having apparently gone AWOL unless we're meant to assume the in-game version has a helmet-mounted display system like the modern F Then the first of the Harriers to get shot down by Yuri's gatling-based defenses has one wing torn off by a neat line of bullets cutting through it, but it rolls away from the missing wing and somehow still manages to home in directly onto another still-functioning Harrier to crash into it.

Granted, the former case is noted by Bond , even if it's more because he can somehow tell at a glance that it looks EMP-hardened , and so one of the objectives of the level is to take pictures of it so MI6 can help figure out why it's there. Also, much like the Eurocopter Tiger from the original movie it's taking the place of, the Ch does not have an ejection system and cannot lock missiles onto itself it doesn't even have missiles. Reloaded at least adds ZU guns that Russia actually does use, but because they weren't there in the Wii version nobody is able to actually use them here.

Sky Briggs notes in Dubai that the pilots for the copter on display there used to fly Cobras for Blackwater. The AH-1 isn't in use with military contractors. The Blackhawk would probably be a better fit, since there is a civil variant. Aside from only having a pilot with no co-pilot or auto-pilot, causing the plane to begin to plunge to the ground whenever he steps away from the controls, it also features the ability of crew to climb out on the wing to fix damaged engines - which did indeed happen once , in an incident that earned the sergeant involved a Victoria Cross and a whole forest of Aluminum Christmas Trees.

Western Animation. TaleSpin 's Sea Duck is a cargo plane that can outperform fighter jets. This is justified in the pilot arc, where Kit points out that Baloo has extensively customized the plane, but never again are Baloo's special modifications even mentioned.

Indeed, one of those modifications, the Overdrive, burns out at the climax of the pilot film and is never replaced. Baloo actually pilots the first jet engine known in the series' universe. The Sea Duck is also insanely hardy — Baloo is well-known for the many times he's flown into the sea , and had to be fished out. Any non-gliding wings-level calm-sea alighting will usually result in the utter destruction of any airplane. Also on Baloo's bragging list is flying underwater, landing inside a volcano , taking off backwards, and landing on a nightmarishly impossible roller-coaster-like runway that makes even him nervous.

In Family Guy , we have Quagmire, an airline pilot. Must be a one-size-fits-all hose. And security must be pretty lax. And that truck must be a diesel truck to be able to run on Jet A. And nobody was manning the refueling truck The plane later crashes after running out of fuel, and Quagmire, its pilot, loses his job.

He confronts Peter, admonishing " No Peter, it's perfectly normal to siphon jet fuel from an active runway with the intention of flying a pickup truck! Also falls into this due to the "active runway" comment - an active runway is the runway currently in use. Runways aren't all in use at once, but are opened or closed on the basis of wind direction. The plane in the episode sounds like it was on a taxiway instead of a runway, as being on the runway itself is only allowed if you're about to take off, are landing, or quickly crossing it.

Of course, Quagmire could have just been exaggerating when he said active runway. Or the writers thought "active runway" meant that the airport was in use, not out of commission, and not the runway itself. It should be noted, however, that this situation was intentionally set up by Quagmire to pay Peter and Joe back for pranks they pulled on him earlier in the episode.

The Christmas episode opened with a fake commercial making fun of Northwest Airlines, 4 years after Northwest ceased to exist after merging with Delta. Might overlap with We're Still Relevant, Dammit! The Lancaster did not fly until and was not introduced into squadron service until the following year. The Short Stirling or the Avro Manchester which was developed into the Lancaster, but had only two engines would have been more appropriate if they wanted a large British bomber. South Park often falls into this trope such as showing a DC-9 and then having it be a twin aisle on the inside, but an egregious example comes in the episode "Fatbeard".

Problem is, Southwest doesn't serve Miami, and there is no such airline as "Dubai Air. Also, no airline even flies Miami-Cairo. Based on a standard great circle routing, Miami is actually a very inconvenient connecting point for flights from the Middle East, since "up and over" towards the north pole is more direct. Once they get to the airport it continues. After talking about Southwest earlier, they check-in at the Alpha counter before showing a Southwest-painted a plane Southwest does not fly with 5 across seating. A as well as a , which Southwest does fly would have 6 across.

Toward the end of Rock-A-Doodle , the rodent character refers to a large, twin-rotor helicopter the main characters apparently stole as a Sikorsky, but in real life, Sikorsky never manufactured any twin-rotor helicopters at all. If anything, the depicted helicopter bears more of a resemblance to Boeing's Chinook with comically-oversized engines and the side door moved back about halfway along the fuselage.

The DVD-exclusive Cars Toon "Moon Mater" mostly averts this where the space shuttle Captain Roger actually flies into space vertically like a real space shuttle, but plays this straight at the end of the short where he actually takes off on a runway. Averted in an episode of Archer that takes place on a Zeppelin-like vehicle. India saw a massive terrorist attack on 26 November in Mumbai killing innocent people and many of our security personnel sacrificed their lives to save people in this attack.

Remembering this brutal attack and reviewing the entire security apparatus the November issue of DSA was dedicated to Homeland Security. What is our government waiting for? What will bestir our somnolent police and paramilitary forces to rise and take charge? When will we start learning our lessons? In November DSA organised a seminar focused on the theme of Limited Wars in South Asia which was addressed by three former Chiefs of the Indian defence forces and blessed by the presence of more than defence personnel serving and retired.

Our editorial team decided to publish the following edition on this theme which was highly appreciated by the defence fraternity in India and around the world. DSA has been covering important international subjects dedicated to encourage the peace process and global cooperation. Our March edition. Defence and Security Worldwide! It is a crisis still unresolved and the tussle between Iran and Israel is threatening to have a negative impact on the bilateral relations of both the states with other nations.

We hope it is resolved peacefully in the near future. For India, Iran and Israel are both equally important as the oil we import from Iran is of critical significance for our energy security and we procure many defence and security products and technologies from Israel. We have long and strong relations with both. Israel has been our strategic partner for many decades and our relationship is poised to leapfrog in many other areas of mutual interest.

Depicting this strategic partnership with Israel the May issue of DSA was well appreciated as it was one of its kind and the first dedicated edition by any defence magazine in India. Our April issue was dedicated to our brothers of Tibet and their cause. Tibet is not only geo-politically important for India but developments there affect the entire world.

This edition was again the first of its kind carrying the candid interviews of His Holiness Dalai Lama and the Prime Minister of Tibet in exile which was very well received in India and internationally. We see an unceasing threat from Pakistan and now China has started flaunting a vicious partnership with Pakistan. Gilgit-Baltistan is almost an unknown name for any common man in India but geopolitically it is very important as is appreciated in the military fraternity.

China has reportedly deployed several thousand of its army troops in the Gwadar Port and in Gilgit-Baltistan in the guise of construction workers engaged in repair work on roads and in mines, whereas we very well know that these are the Engineering Brigades of Chinese Army. Tomorrow the numbers can increase and that will create a whole new dimension in the threat posed to India.

This issue of critical strategic importance was exhaustively covered in our July edition. Our defence forces are fully prepared and alert and India is ready to deal with any eventuality. But it is very important that the modernisation of our defence forces must be planned on a massive scale and executed on top priority. Defence modernisation and the urgent need for Crafting A Defence Industrial Base For India was the theme of our August edition carrying excellent articles and in-depth analyses by some of the most highly regarded subject experts.

China attacked us exactly fifty years back and our editorial team decided to revisit that unpleasant period so as to bring to notice of all concerned what challenges we faced fifty years ago and how well prepared we are now in to counter any such attack by China on us in the future. I would like to repeat my words as mentioned in my editorial of 2nd anniversary of DSA that the sole mission of the magazine is to bring more and more awareness and alertness on defence and security subjects not only related to India but globally.

DSA is indebted to our esteemed contributors who have played a stellar role in making DSA the most read and respected defence and security magazine in a short span of three years. I am immensely thankful to all our contributors whose guidance and support has been the real strength of DSA and today it has become a distinctive brand in the defence and security journalism not only in India but internationally as well.

Many international defence and security experts had been approaching DSA for using this platform to disseminate and share their views with our readers. I would like to share that this new feature on our website has become quite popular and many more leading experts have started approaching us for inclusion in this feature. I would also like to share that DSA online edition too has become very popular among the international fraternity who keenly look forward to every edition of DSA. We have been getting many requests for the past issues of DSA.

For our readers who have missed past issues of DSA we have good news.

This CD will be a valuable addition to your reference library and you may procure the same by getting in touch with our sales team. DSA organised its first seminar in November last year and as announced we are moving ahead in this new vertical. This is the next step by team DSA to bring more awareness for the cause of safe and secure India.

It is heartening to see big ticket announcements by the government for defence procurements worth billions of US dollars. Significant role envisaged for private players is also commendable. This momentum of modernising our armed forces without any let or hindrance must be maintained come what may.

Team DSA welcomes our new Chief of the Indian Army who joined just a few months back and I am sure General Bikram Singh is all set to revamp the force, reshape and prioritise the critical procurements for the force and boost the morale of each army personnel. We hope to see path breaking changes in the coming years to strengthen Indian Army. The procurement for the army is a continuing process but as we know the size of our army and its requirements are huge and so are the problems we see in its procurement efforts.

I am certain the new Chief has his plans ready to undertake and surmount this urgent and onerous responsibility. I am sure with his distinguished accomplishments he will motivate his force to excel and under his inspiring stewardship Indian Navy will also procure the best products, technologies and services to make it one of the best naval forces in the world. Our Founding Editor Mr Manvendra Singh and I visualised DSA in the early months of and he has been actively associated in all the affairs of the magazine on almost day-to-day basis.

We together crafted the magazine with all the other team members with complete dedication and commitment to attain the mission of DSA and it was a matter of great honour for us to have Gen GD Bakshi on-board as the Executive Editor last year. Due to his pressing political commitments, Mr Manvendra Singh requested to be relieved of some of his responsibilities and to honour his dedication and contribution I decided to request Gen GD Bakshi to take over as the Editor-in-Chief of DSA which he graciously accepted in August this year.

Mr Manvendra Singh is very much with us as our Founding Editor and gives as much time as possible to ensure that the magazine is moving in the right direction. I am sure with Gen Bakshi at the helm DSA is in safe hands and under his exemplary leadership DSA will endeavour to become the first choice of discerning readers in the defence and security arena around the world. I will also like to express my appreciation and gratitude for the unstinted support and cooperation of every team member which has strengthened my hands in carrying the mission of DSA forward.

Team DSA works like a family including our esteemed contributors and as a very famous writer has said, The strength of a family, like the strength of an army, is in its loyalty to each other. And I am so happy to see that we all adhere to this. Before I sign off, I would like to convey my grateful thanks to all our contributors, readers, associates around the world who have supported our mission to make India and this world more safe and secure.

Jai Hind! Their confidence is laudable, for even if that claim, belief, is exaggerated by certain degrees, there is a case for believing in the efficacy of airpower. It does tend to produce results disproportionate to its usage. There is, therefore, every reason to believe in its effectiveness during war. It was as decisive an example as ever existed.

Air power is not a static phenomenon and ever evolving as knowledge brings changes to humankind. Evolution of human thought, through natural progression, to growth from greater experience and the resultant technological advances, have all resulted in changing the nature of airpower. It is no more the sum total seen at an awesome flypast during Republic Day parade.

The efficacy of unmanned aerial vehicles has been widely reported and documented. It is but one example how effective an air platform can be, even if it is remotely piloted from thousands of miles away. There is now a development in that direction that challenges the conventional wisdom on air deliveries of supplies. Remotely piloted helicopters are in existence that can drop supplies to troops in isolated posts, positions, or even in covert operations.

This is as much a game changer as armed UAVs are. The ability to deliver firepower and food without risking the lives of pilots is an airpower revolution that begets many a question. The principal amongst which is — where is India headed when it comes to the role and development of its airpower?

There are certain myths that tend to get promoted in India and which need to be deconstructed if national military might is to grow further. Airpower, for starters, is not service specific, in that it cannot be monopolised by one arm of the state. This is the lesson learnt from 20th century history of war, across the world. Each service needs its assets and each asset assists in the national application of force. Which then means that air assets in India have to be trained jointly, operated jointly and most importantly, developed jointly.

For India to become a global player it has to develop its own airpower assets. There are no shortcuts to this fundamental rule of the game. Throughout history no country has ever become a world leader by importing equipment land, sea or air. Local requirements can only be accurately met by local research and development.

Imported equipment undermines one basic principle of leadership — strategic autonomy. Unless that autonomy exists there is no scope for growing into a world leader. That autonomy has to be in thought, as well as technology. Which is also why Defence and Security Alert was born, to develop an autonomous Indian thought in matters of national security. Now it is for the Ministry of Defence and its apparatus to develop that technological autonomy. Only then will India get to be a world player. Unless the desire is to keep the country merely a spectator.

What remains to be accomplished? What lies ahead? CAS: IAF today is confidently moving ahead on its growth path towards acquiring state-of-the-art cutting edge technologies and we have made very good progress in this regard. One must realise that modernisation is a comprehensive and a continuous process which involves new inductions as well as upgrades of existing platforms and equipment.

We expect that this process will be completed by In addition, skill enhancement of air warriors is another important focus area and we are proud of our accomplishments in this area. However, there is still a lot of ground to be covered and we are confident that we will be able to meet all emerging challenges.

How do you propose to use this opportunity to further inter-services cooperation and synergy? Do you feel this will further the cause of inter-services cooperation and jointness in the Indian context? As per the recommendations, the Chairman COSC would be a four star officer with a fixed tenure of two years and be the single point contact between RM and three Services on matters of policy and training. He would thus be the fourth four star officer. The Service Chiefs will continue to exercise op control over their respective Service and have direct access to RM on service specific issues.

The IAF has concurred with the proposal. What is being done to achieve these capabilities in qualitative and quantitative terms? CAS: The IAF is indeed paying special attention to the capabilities you have listed out as part of our ongoing modernisation drive which received the much needed impetus during the 11th Plan and is expected to continue through the 12th Plan period.

The capability building plans of the IAF include induction of state-of-the-art modern equipment and also upgradation of the existing aircraft and systems to boost their operational capabilities and ensure their continued. IAF will continue to maintain a combat fleet strength of 34 Squadrons right through the 12th Plan.

Modernisation and upgradation is an ongoing process to maintain our combat edge at all times and the Jaguar, Mirage and MiG fleets are presently being upgraded to meet the requirements of the future. While certain inductions do take time as brought out by you, our presently available combat fleets are capable of performing all envisaged roles and providing us the combat capability to tackle all contingencies in an effective manner. While successful mission accomplishment is a forgone conclusion, we are seized of the fact that the air warriors, who are our real force multipliers need to be the centre of our focus.

The future inductions viz. The all weather capability of the IAF will also be governed by the availability of corresponding facilities on ground to complement the airborne systems. The first airfield at Bhatinda is likely to be commisioned soon, while the rest of the airfields will be modernised in two phases, thereafter. By when does the air force hope to induct the Rafale?

The CNC is working hard to finalise the contract document and the contract is expected to be finalised by the end of this financial year. There is no delay expected in the finalisation of this Contract and things are progressing on schedule. While some are being upgraded, the MiGs will certainly have to be retired in bulk. This is resulting in a worrisome depletion of our Squadron strengths at a time when China and Pakistan are rapidly enhancing their air combat power.

With the delay in induction of the Rafale and the LCA, this problem is likely to be even further aggravated in the years ahead. What is being done to close this vulnerability gap? Also, as per our Long Term Perspective Plan, we are enhancing our capabilities and eventually seeking to build-up our squadron strength to 42 by the 14th Plan period.

DSA: Kindly enlighten our readers on your recent visit to Brazil. What are the possibilities of defence cooperation between these two very important third world countries? October Defence AND security alert. CAS: India and Brazil, being two important growing economies of the present times share an important relation based on shared geopolitical perceptions and common concerns. There have been exchanges and cooperation in all spheres, such as environment, energy, education and science and technology to name a few.

Therefore, I definitely see similar cooperation in the defence sector. There is every possibility of increasing and expanding this bilateral defence cooperation and there is a very keen interest in Brazil in expanding the defence cooperation especially under the aegis of IBSA. Given the current geopolitical order, I think increased engagements between two booming economies certainly ushers in a stabilising effect. Kindly tell us about the envisaged time frame for the induction of this cutting edge capability — especially as the IAF wants to go in for a two-seat version?

The first prototype is likely to be delivered in India in followed by two more prototypes to follow later in and DSA: What measures are being taken for the upgradation of existing aircraft, equipment and infrastructure as well as induction of new aircraft and equipment, both indigenous and imported? CAS: Continuous upgradation of the combat potential of our fleet both in terms of numbers and lethality, upgradation of the Air Defence network by induction of modern sensors and weapons as well as networking them and enhanced airlift and helilift capabilities are planned to meet the future challenges to our security.

Emphasis is also being given to enhance the quality of training by inducting Basic, Intermediate and Advanced trainers and Simulators. Modernisation of the Operational and Technical Infrastructure is another key focus area and would provide the required combat support to the future operations. What roles do you envisage for this enhanced strategic airlift capability? The long range of the aircraft and its capability to operate from high altitude airfields in hot weather conditions will shorten the effective deployment timelines thereby enabling extremely efficient movement of combat units over the entire area of operations.

Its excellent inter and intra theatre deployment capability would provide us tremendous flexibility of response both at the national and international levels. What are the major air exercises being planned, not just in the country but also with foreign air forces to enhance our readiness to deal with such eventualities? CAS: Our present combat assets are fully capable of performing all the envisaged roles and providing us the capability response options to handle a two-front contingency in an effective manner.

However, we have a long term plan to enhance our capabilities further and eventually we are seeking to buildup our squadron strength to 42 by the end of 14th Plan period. Notwithstanding these plans, we have been regularly sending our air warriors abroad to witness major exercises world over and they bring back to the system a wealth of doctrinal and operational knowledge which ultimately adds to our capabilities. What role do you envisage for the indigenous production — especially the Indian Private Sector in this field? The An fleet is undergoing upgradation.

What measures have been instituted to enhance air safety aspects in the light of findings from the recent mishaps? Aerospace Safety teams regularly conduct capsules at various flying stations on human factor issues that affect safety in flying. Remedial measures are implemented promptly and an effective feedback system has been put in place. A regular review of the accident prevention programmes of the flying stations is undertaken to ensure safe practices, procedures and identify risk prone and hazardous areas specific to the aircraft fleets and operational environment.

Ideally, the ultimate aim for any air force is to have a zero accident rate, but considering the magnitude and diversity of aircraft fleets which the IAF operates, our focus is on fine-tuning our processes and ensuring that the established system operates as designed. Our actions have resulted in a tangible improvement in the flight safety scenario of the IAF in the recent past. Specific initiatives which the IAF has. To reduce Bird Hit cases, a dedicated Ornithology cell has been established at Directorate of Aerospace Safety which has completed bird surveys in various bases and introduced anti-bird modules.

Lastly, procurement of Avian radars which help in locating, tracking and monitoring movement of birds , microlight ac for survey of bird activities, monitoring of high rise structures, garbage and carcass disposal sites and de-vegetation equipment will all contribute towards improving our flight safety records.

IAF is fully committed to ensure that the important human dimension of our transformation gets the top priority in all our actions. I can assure our countrymen that the Indian Air Force will always remain ready to deliver with speed, precision, honour and pride in our mission. The CJ Super Hercules is more than the aircraft that redefines airlift capability.

It is a symbol of commitment and partnership. The CJ Super Hercules. Ready to help India meet the challenges of the future. The Russians at the very top were willing to set up joint ventures and was the real period of their need since as a consequence of the economic and social crises they were not even able to pay the best of designers. The choice was obvious: some would go the United States and Israel and they did. But for the majority the choice was to link up with India or China. The Indian political leadership was more than willing in spite of our own balance of payment and not an economic crisis.

But somehow we did not go the whole mile; and due to sheer economic necessity Russia went to China with the best of military technologies. A team from India is already heading to Moscow to negotiate and finalise the details of Indian participation in the development of the Sukhoi T, also known by the Russian acronym of PAK-FA, the fifth generation fighter of which the first four prototypes are already flying and undergoing tests and development.

If the Indian Navy can successfully achieve indigenisation of a very high order surely the IAF and for that matter the Indian Army, can also do so. Because the Indian Navy has a directorate of design, a controller of warship production, a weapons and systems integration organisation etc. In those decades it has flown the Wapitis since early , which as the Marshal tells his tales, flew at only one speed — 75 mph — whether in climb, descent, final approach to land, or cruise! It carried a machine gun that was operated from the rear cockpit by a gunner and had virtually no instruments beyond airspeed, altitude and engine data.

The latest aircraft in service, the Su MKI at an all-up weight of nearly 40 tons placing it as the heaviest fighter aircraft to have served the IAF, has a range of hundreds of kilometres, speeds of close to twice that of sound and above all, carries a payload of 8 tons composed of a variety of weapons and other systems. This is not all. All the combat aircraft since the Jaguar and Mirage are capable of being refuelled in the air by a fleet of Il tankers and hence capable of flying for more than half a day or more and cover inter-continental ranges in a single sortie without landing in-between.

But the IAF is moving with the times and looking beyond the fourth generation combat aircraft to fifth generation fighters. The original plan was to order single-seat and 48 two-seat fighters. But it has now been decided to take all as single seat aircraft which would reduce the cost somewhat. The aircraft should be flying in the IAF by the end of this decade though the full strength of this type would take another decade by which time significant numbers of earlier aircraft In-service would retire.

This is because as the fifth generation fighter begins to enter service, obviously we still have. Young at Transformation of the IAF many legacy aircraft and systems, many of which are being upgraded to enhance their operational capability for the interim period. With these plans it should be possible to maintain a force level of at least 40 combat squadrons in the coming decade. Over the decades the Air Force has got used to transformations, often through a process of innovations normally referred to as jugaad. Hence one can argue that the major transformation now under way would not pose any special challenge as such.

One such transformation executed under the severe conditions of an unexpected war at altitudes of 16, to 22, ft was witnessed in the summer of during the Kargil War launched by Pakistan clandestinely. No air force in the world had ever flown to fight especially in support of the ground forces at such heights with their steep valleys.

While the IAF undertook flying over the mountains as routine training. Lower density affected aircraft performance. The possibility of Pakistan Air Force intervening at any time was a constant factor to be watched. In the event Pakistan did not even try to use its air force in spite of its F multi-role combat aircraft and the decades old propaganda that their air force was far superior and had won the War!

The political constraints laid down for IAF air operations in these high Himalayas were extremely tight and illogical: aircraft were not to cross the Line of Control into Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and yet provide, within a confined zone, close air support to the Indian Army valorously fighting its way up the steep hills that had no cover like trees etc. Since the Pakistani Army had created a bridge-head up to around km this left very little space to haul the fighters around and the altitude enlarged the radius of turn of the fighters especially due to the altitude effect.

The targets for the air force were literally pinpoint where Pakistani Army had managed to build small sangars. A miss of even less than a metre in weapon. Interdiction of the supply lines was not easy either since most of the storage sites were at the bottom of steep valleys. A last minute decision to urgently acquire laser guided bombs which had not been done during peacetime helped further. On the other hand, it would be imprudent to dismiss the challenges of present transformation as a process of another phase of jugaad. The challenges of technology assimilation, evolution of tactics and doctrines for air campaigns, ensuring maintainability and sustainability, appropriate weapons and sub-systems and a host of other factors that are so crucial to a professional air force are all undergoing changes.

Decision-making for building a professional air force and its capabilities for future operations in the coming decades would be quite different from those of even Kargil. As it is, we can expect future wars to take place in and over the high Himalayas which pose qualitative and quantitatively different challenges than those in the deserts of Rajasthan or the densely populated regions of our country, leave alone the maritime environment. Unfortunately we have got stuck in the comfort zone of license manufacture. When we bought any new equipment, the government officials were particular in highlighting that we will get ToT, that is, Transfer of Technology, also: but this term hid the reality that this transfer of technology was for production technology and obviously could not be for design and development since the aircraft or weapon has already been designed and developed!

We did get a strategic opportunity to make a paradigm shift when the Soviet Union was collapsing. The Soviet design base is one of the best in the world. The political changes taking place implied that the successor state would not be able to spend the same amount of resources to their defence industry. The Indian political leadership. When we complained to Moscow, the Chinese change a few minor things and called the engine by a new name! By the time we got going with the BrahMos, the Russian political-economic situation had changed dramatically and they are now demanding hard currency payments with little or no credit.

Is there a place at that table for India as the sixth partner? The foregoing would have led the reader, I am sure, to have come to the conclusion that the most critical need in the area of the changes taking place is the transformation of the mind. This transformation has to take place across the full spectrum of decision-making at the political level, civil bureaucracy, military command levels and ultimately at the operational level of young pilots and technicians.

Let me take just one example. If you wish to see the aerospace sector growing rapidly to meet the needs of the country in future, some simple but effective steps are needed. But what has happened is that design and development of airframes at HAL the engine Division at Koraput did not have any in spite of thousands of engines having been manufactured has been nearly wiped out over time except for helicopters , the Ordnance Factories never had a design department though I am told some sort of a system has now been created.

But the central handicap is that while bulk of the aerospace technology has enormous commonality between military and civil sectors, there are a fairly large number of ministries who function independently and with little coordination with other ministries. An aeronautics commission has been talked of during the past five decades but without any progress.

Two years ago, the Defence Minister announced that the Indian Navy will not buy any warship in future from abroad. In other words, the navy will have all its warships made in India, though obviously some of the systems on-board may come from diverse sources and integrated in India. It may sound funny, but the reason is simple. We inherited our institutions from Britain; and in the UK the Admiralty was in charge of warship construction. Aircraft design and manufacture was with private industry with oversight just that by the ministry of Supplies and so it was till the Industrial Resolution was adopted bringing it under defence.

For subscription write to: subscription dsalert. Twenty six recruitment rallies were conducted in the last one year. Informal and informative interaction with serving IAF personnel at these rallies ensures that applicants can make a considered decision to join the IAF. Over motivational lectures at various campuses and 53 Career fairs have been conducted in the last one year.

Over sixty six lakh hits were made on the IAF banner on jobs portal timesjobs. How has the air force been keeping up with the changes in the field of HR? Coupled with the technology leap that the IAF is presently undergoing, it is, therefore, essential that we train our air warriors into professionals who can exploit these new systems to achieve the desired operational goals. Hence, there are a gamut of processes spanning the functions of recruitment, training and concept development, to name a few, that are being addressed so as to provide the next generation air warrior with the necessary skill sets to excel in a high technology battlefield.

AOP: We face challenges that any organisation that is on the path to rapid expansion faces and our HR managers are kept busy to find solutions and develop strategies to ensure that these challenges are well factored in our policies. A few of the major challenges that the IAF faces are as follows: a With the dawn of the information age and a booming economy, personal aspirations have grown.

Therefore, finding a perfect match between organisational and personal aspirations has become one of the major HR challenges. Indoctrination of service ethos and providing the air warriors with the skills and knowledge to operate and maintain the modern systems needs focus and constant attention.

DSA: Sir, it is a well known fact that the three services are no longer the first choice for a majority of the youth of this country. Thus, by optimum utilisation of TV, Radio and the print media, apart from rallies and campus interactions, we are extending our reach to a larger section of the youth. We also carried out an in-house study on the demographic representation of the air warriors. Based on the study, we have identified low response and low representation areas. We plan to hold more recruitment rallies in these areas. For the officers we are setting up two additional Air Force Selection Boards and for the airmen two additional Airmen Selection Centres are being set up, for which approval has been obtained from MoD.

Additionally, a system for submitting applications online has been started for the officers and would start shortly for the airmen. Our efforts are bearing fruit and this year we received over two lakh thirtyeight thousand applications from aspirants willing to join the IAF as officers. To sum up, we are presently short of approx officers. Our fill rates are positive for the last three years and with the approval obtained from the GoI to increase our training capacity at the Air Force Academy from its present to cadets, we are on our path to make good our present shortages and also to cater for the new inductions.

Another aspect that merits attention is the training of personnel. With the induction of the modern technology systems, have the training patterns been changed to synergise the training with the requirements of the new systems? AOP: Air warriors today operate complex technological systems with near zero levels of error tolerance. Hence, there is a need to raise the training standards to the level mandated by modern inductions. Towards this, the procurement of the Basic Trainer Aircraft has already been cleared by the government. This coupled with the already inducted Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer.

Air warriors today operate complex technological systems with near zero levels of error tolerance. The procurement of the Basic Trainer Aircraft has already been cleared by the government. This coupled with the already inducted Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer would address the issues pertaining to flying training. The setting up of the Air Force Engineering College, which has been cleared by the government, would address the specific requirements of the IAF, in terms of specialisation for operating and maintaining state-ofthe-art systems. We strive to continuously device means to upgrade the standard of living of all our personnel.

The setting up of the Air Force Engineering College, which has been cleared by the government, would address the specific requirements of the IAF, in terms of specialisation for operating and maintaining state-of-the-art systems. On the airmen side, the trades have been restructured for optimal utilisation and also in consonance with the maintenance philosophy of the new systems being inducted.

On Job Training OJT has been introduced at all units to ensure all air warriors get practical training in their respective trades. In-service courses are conducted at various seniority levels. E-subscription of Books and Magazines and availability of Internet connections in the Stations Reference and Technical Libraries would also help our air warriors enhance their knowledge. Could you kindly highlight the measures taken by the IAF to improve the quality of leadership? Additionally, leadership seminars are conducted regularly.

Leadership courses have also been introduced for the airmen so that they become effective supervisors and leaders. What are the initiatives taken by the IAF on this aspect for officers? AOP: The need of the hour is to ensure that all officers are made aware of their performance at regular intervals, are guided in their growth in the organisation and the system is as transparent as possible within the existing rules and regulations. To ensure objectivity in criteria selections, the selection of officers is carried out by a panel of officers based upon merit, calibre and demonstrated performance.

Career progression pamphlets for all branches of the IAF have also been published. A comprehensive review of the format, chain and scope of appraisal and conduct of promotion boards has been carried out to make the process more objective. These steps have thus created a reliable system to help the organisation assess the suitability of the officer for tenanting higher appointments.

AOP: The HR Department of IAF has been on an intensive outreach programme in the recent past to gauge the pulse at field level on the various issues, through personal interaction, websites and various newsletters. HR Seminars are being conducted under the direct supervision of the Air Officer-in-Charge Personnel during which officers from the personnel directorate visit various stations and interact with air warriors posted there. At least two such visits are carried out each month. E-mail IDs have been provided so that an officer may interact directly with the concerned Director.

Websites that provide information on the progress of applications have also been made available. Cases of suicide amongst armed forces personnel are on the increase. How is the IAF addressing the issue? AOP: The incidents of suicide and other stress related issues are an area of concern. To ensure effective stress management, professional counsellors have been employed at all Air Force Stations.

We are ensuring that there is more regular interaction. Also, certain air warriors have been trained as mentors to guide the newly enrolled air warriors. The Sports infrastructure is being improved and also 24x7 helplines have been set up. On this day all ranks get together to maintain their workplace and equipment. The Cohesion Day serves as a forum to exchange ideas and interact with other branches and thus get a better understanding of the work done by other branches and create better bonds, camaraderie and oneness.

DSA: Standards of living have improved tremendously in the last few years. Could you highlight certain salient steps that have been taken towards improving the same for the air warriors and also any other welfare measures that have been taken? AOP: The scales of accommodation that govern the facilities that are provided to an air warrior had been revised in The same are now being implemented and this would lead to a major improvement in the standard of living.

The quantum of house building loans has been enhanced. Educational facilities in the Air Force Schools are being improved with the introduction of smart classrooms and Internet connections. An Insurance scheme has been introduced for the staff and students of Air Force Schools. We strive to continuously devise means to upgrade the standard of living of all our personnel. DSA: While I fully appreciate the efforts to improve the living conditions of the serving air warriors, may I take the liberty of asking if any such measures are being initiated for the retired personnel?

AOP: We do appreciate that we need to take care of our retired personnel. We understand that they are facing hardships due to the fact that they have to approach different agencies for resolution of their issues. Hence, the IAF has decided to set up a separate single portal under the aegis of a new directorate viz. Pensioner Workshops are being conducted till the single point portal is not fully functional.

An Air Force Placement Cell helps retired personnel in their resettlement. In the last placement fair held, retired personnel were offered employment. DSA: To sum up, what in your view is the way forward? AOP: In my opinion, sustained effort and focus is required to achieve the desired standard of training, operational prowess, maintenance culture and administrative acumen which will prepare the next-generation air warrior.

The issues of vocational training and productive resettlement have also to be proactively addressed. We need to continuously revamp the HRM model, wherein benchmarking of work output, accreditation of professional training while In-service and total objectivity and transparency in assessment would continue to be Key Result Areas.

Non Fiction

The overall aim is to develop HRM in IAF as a verifiable, objective and transparent process comparable in quality and output to the most advanced models in place. We do appreciate that we need to take care of our retired personnel. A pilot by profession, he has flown various fighter and transport aircraft. In his long stint in the air force of about 40 years, he has held many operational and staff appointments.

To address these issues and more, to transform itself from a regional air force to a credible global force, the IAF has to possess capability-based quality assets — weapon platforms and infrastructure. The IAF has already embarked on its ambitious journey to transform from the initial tactical air force to a potent strategic force with full spectrum capabilities in keeping with the national aspirations.

The sanctioned strength of It was only then that the alarm bells rang in the corridors of power and the acquisition process was initiated. With licensed production finally stabilising at the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd HAL , the Su aircraft inventory is increasing, with about seven squadrons In-service and the expected number to go up to 12 squadrons by The aircraft being the air dominance fighter, it is expected that the IAF may increase the number to 15 squadrons.

Subsequently the air force modernisation programme, depending upon the real or the perceived threats, moved ahead in giant leaps or crawled, depending upon various factors. Right through the decades after gaining independence, the IAF acquired the Ouragon — known in the air force as the Toofani — Mystere, Hunter, Canberra and the Gnat in the s, followed by the MiG and the Su series and other fighter aircraft; there was no hold-up in building its strategic and tactical airlift capability too, with the acquisition of transport ac — Packet, Caribou, An, An, Il, Il and other transport and Communication ac — and helicopters, such as the Bell, Alouette and those of the Mi family.

The modernisation of the Service has not been restricted just to the procurement of ac alone; the IAF has all along been involved in upgrading or phasing out obsolescent equipment, be it for effective communication, radars for surveillance, missiles to ward off intruders or other equipment. The challenges in the modernisation programme of the defence forces, more so the IAF, are many; projects have a long gestation period, the acquisition process is long and cumbersome; each Service is yet to get out of the his-shirt-whiter-than-mine mindset; and the Indian military has to equip and maintain a fighting force to tackle the entire spectrum of warfare from counter-terrorism to nuclear!

It was, therefore, imperative for India to modernise its defence forces to safeguard its expanding economic interests and maintain its growth momentum. It was only then that the alarm bells rang in the corridors of power and the acquisition process was initiated — but to be strictly following the procedures specified. The continuously evolving extraordinary geo-political and security scenario actually calls for a strength greater than the sanctioned figure; whether the IAF progression matches the security evolution, however, remains to be seen The process of modernisation has been shaped by many congruous factors.

New technology has led to an increase in the knowledge levels and skills, leading to a change in the nature of conflict and further rapid advancements have mandated constant upgrading. Indian military cannot be left behind in the realm of stealth, networking, beyond-visual-range BVR precision munitions and other such technology, if it has to maintain a strong and realistic deterrence; the threat of non-state actors having access and capabilities to exploit the new technologies has added an urgency.

The security dimension has not altered very much over the years. The adversarial neighbours continue to keep border issues alive and create incidents just as our foreign policy mandarins drop their guard. If India has shown a remarkable growth in the past decade, China has also been showing an unprecedented economic growth rate with a matching military rise and belligerence.

Pakistan has been recognised as the main sponsor of terrorism; cross-border terrorism from Pakistan continues to be the main irritant of Indian security issues be it on the Western Frontier or through Nepal or Bangladesh. Modernisation in the IAF With such drivers for modernisation, IAF embarked to regain its full operational capability with a long term acquisition plan; it had to procure new equipment and upgrade the existing weapon platforms, lest it be caught on the wrong foot — it was a challenge to convince the government, but successfully met.

The IAF, apart from meeting the challenges mentioned earlier, had also to start at the very beginning to meet the numerical challenge. Its strength of operational squadrons had been on a steady decline with the phasing out of obsolescent weapons and weapon platforms; it, today functions with a strength of about 35 combat squadrons against the sanctioned strength of The IAF is facing a capability shortage of not only fighter ac but also a gap in its strategic airlift potential, combat and heavy-lift helicopters, trainer ac, in-flight refuelling ac, radars, missiles and other equipment, due to either obsolescence or mid-life upgradation or general lethargy on the part of the government.

How is the IAF going about this mammoth task of regaining its operational capability? The IAF is pursuing its agenda vigorously, successfully bringing some major acquisitions to realisation. The entire procedure has gone off without any major glitches, though there were some hiccups — with the losers showing their desperation to grab the deal. The aircraft is expected to be In-service in the IAF in another three years or so. The IAF hopes to form at least. With licensed production finally stabilising at the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd HAL , the Su ac inventory is increasing, with about seven squadrons In-service and the expected number to go up to 12 squadrons by The ac being the air dominance fighter, it is expected that the IAF may increase the number to 15 squadrons.

Other existing ac in the inventory, namely Jaguars, Mirage, MiG series are either being augmented in numbers or capability, through new acquisitions or mid-life upgrading of avionics, armament delivery systems or both. After attaining the Initial Operational Clearance IOC in early , it was hoped that the final clearance would only be a matter of time, but the progress has been tardy.

The IAF hopes to have ac to form six squadrons — the timeline is, however, doubtful. Apart from the programme being behind schedule, it suffered a setback with the crash of a test ac in The programme has not progressed much thereafter making the IAF to look for alternates in the market. To enhance its strategic airlift capacity, the IAF has already inducted six CJ ac with a plan to induct another six. This has significantly boosted the airlift capability of the IAF; with the acquisition of C ac, the first likely to be delivered later this year and the upgradation of its existing An and Il fleets, the strategic airlift capability of the IAF would be an envy of the air forces of the region.

In addition, it has enhanced functioning capabilities across the board, through the acquisition of helicopters in large numbers and force multipliers; IAF has made its AWACS and Flight Refuelling fleets fully operational and is fast moving towards becoming a networked Service. The IAF is also acquiring new trainer ac, so direly needed, to replace the prematurely grounded HPT aircraft; training is being given the due importance having realised that even with the best of technology and the most advanced fighter and other ac in the fleet, a poorly trained aircrew is more of a burden than an asset.

The IAF is not just concentrating on acquiring aircraft; it has other major acquisitions in the pipeline to overcome the issues of obsolescence of equipment and to keep pace with new technology; equipment such as radars, missiles, stealth, networking, BVR precision munitions and such others, are on its shopping list. IAF vs the adversary neighbours India exists in a unique security environment; while maintaining internal security is the task of the police and the paramilitary forces, where required the military pitches in for the short term or the long term, as the situation demands.

The IAF capabilities, existing and those that are being acquired, are indicative of the uncharacteristic security issues that exist along the borders with our adversary neighbours, China and Pakistan. In the last decade and even earlier, China has been giving enough indications, within the sub-continent and otherwise of its disdainful attitude towards India. This capability is augmented by the naval aviation which has more than 25, personnel and about combat ac. Even though aircraft operations from TAR airfields pose a major operational challenge, with most being at elevations of more than 13, ft, PLAAF is ready to meet the test with extended runways to take-off with minimum fuel and maximum armament payload and then go in for in-flight refuelling from its large indigenous and acquired tanker fleet.

Any likely conflict with India would have the existing 14 airfields and whose numbers would be increasing in the future, launching ac to prevent the IAF from interfering in the campaign on ground, be it in the Aksai Chin or Arunachal Pradesh. It is aggressively pursuing the acquisition of. The PAF also provides the nuclear capability of the nation through aircraft and an assorted assemblage of ballistic missiles. The continuously evolving extraordinary geo-political and security scenario actually calls for a strength greater than the sanctioned figure; whether the IAF progression matches the security evolution, however, remains to be seen.

The IAF strategy is to develop comprehensive operational capabilities with matching infrastructure to indicate to the unfriendly neighbours that IAF continues to be a force to reckon with. The major challenge for the IAF will continue to be to reach, sustain and build upon the authorised combat squadron level of The government, on its part, has to continue to provide the IAF with the necessary funds and the push to the PSUs to maintain deadlines, or else, even with the induction of the MMRCA, combat squadron figures will continue to remain low.

He was responsible for setting up the only English Medium School in Kabul at that point in time.


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The emerging geopolitical and security scenario requires our nation to possess comprehensive military capability, characterised by flexibility and speed of response, the mobility and transportability of all forms of national power, long-reach, precision targeting, minimum collateral damage and reduced visibility.

Aerospace power fits the bill perfectly. The 21st century belongs to aerospace power and given the Indian situation, concerns and aspirations, the need for a strong and comprehensive aerospace capability is inescapable. There is therefore an imperative need for total revamp of the fleet with fourth and fifth generation aircraft beginning not later than and to build-up to the sanctioned level of 42 squadrons by It is understood that another 42 have been ordered taking the total fleet strength to aircraft.

In the meantime, the MiG fleet has already been phased out and the MiG fleet with its different variants would be extinct in another five to seven years at best. The fleet of Jaguars, MiG, MiG and even the Mirage all with upgrades, would last for another 10 to 15 years; but being of third generation vintage, would not really be able to project frontline capability.

The strength of the combat fleet currently is reported to be down to 34 squadrons as against the authorised This situation will be incongruous for an emerging regional power and catastrophic in two-front war scenario. The growing status of the nation is accompanied by enhanced responsibilities wherein India may be called upon to intervene decisively in the region militarily to safeguard national interests that transcend our geographical boundaries and extend from the Persian Gulf to the Strait of Malacca.

As a regional power, the nation may be called upon to respond to calamities, man-made or natural, to humanitarian crisis, to restore order or to ensure peace and stability. While economic strength is the main pillar of national power, the military capability of a nation must be enhanced in tandem to secure its economic status and provide the environment for further growth. It must have strategic airlift aircraft with the capability to move large forces by air over long distances, tactical transport aircraft to operate over shorter distances and a fleet of helicopters to provide mobility and firepower in the tactical battle area.

Two things follow from this, one being that the nation must possess multi-layered air defence system to protect its offensive operations capability and secondly that development of aerospace power must not only cater to perceived threats but more importantly, must be capability-based to respond to a wide variety of threats, existing or unforeseen. What then is the picture today with regard to the IAF, the primary constituent of national aerospace power? The CJ has the capability to undertake deployment of Special Forces in all-weather conditions by day or night even in complete darkness.

It is capable of receiving fuel in flight at low level and apart from special operations, can be employed for airborne assault, air transported operations The induction of the first fourth-generation aircraft, the Su MKI began in and the IAF is expected to build-up to full strength of by It is understood that another 42 have been ordered taking the total fleet strength.

There is therefore an imperative need for total revamp of the fleet with fourth and fifth generation aircraft beginning not. As there was considerable uncertainty at the turn of the century with regard to the operationalisation of the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft, Tejas, over a decade ago, the IAF had projected a requirement of six squadrons of fighter aircraft to replace part of the MiG fleet being phased out.

It has been five years since the tender was issued by the Ministry of Defence and nine months since selection of the French Rafale was made public, contract with Dassault is yet to be signed. If all goes well, the contract may be concluded sometime in at the earliest and delivery will commence four years later. Thereafter it may take a decade for the Rafale fleet to reach full strength and operational status.

All this presuming that there are no fresh impediments. Series production of the FGFA is scheduled to commence in The IAF can hope to have the complete initial order delivered and squadrons fully operational by at the earliest. Over a decade ago, the IAF had projected a requirement of six squadrons of fighter aircraft to replace part of the MiG fleet being phased out. Production of the Mk I has already commenced and a contract with GE for 99 F engines has also been concluded.

The AMCA will be a twin-engine stealth multirole combat aircraft. The project being yet in a concept stage, it.