TAZZ’UNT : Ecology, Social Order and Ritual In the Tessawt Valley of the High Atlas of Morocco

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Sign in. Tazzunt presents a group of Berbers Imazighen , the Ait Arbaa, who live in the Tessawt Valley of the High Atlas of Morocco, eking out a meager existence from the eroded soil of their rugged environment, by harvesting turnips, millet and maize, and one cash crop of walnuts. They depend also on a simple form of summer pasture. Tazzunt means limit: and it refers to an annual ritual which gathers around the shrine of a local Saint, Sidi Asdal, several villages of the Valley for its celebration.

A ceremony, a feast, songs and dances accompany the rite. The book is based on a French ethnographic description recorded by a member of that group, Hassan Jouad, and a Frenchman, Bernard Lortat-Jacob during the celebration of the opening of the Summer Season Festivities, the Tazzunt ceremony, in The original English analysis based on this description was a spring paper written in at the Department of Anthropology of Stanford University.

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Because such material is so lacking in the anthropological literature of Morocco, and given the fact that American universities are beginning to become more interested in Amazigh studies North African Berbers and Tuaregs , this small book might be appreciated by a number of people entering that field. Hopefully, it will also be of interest to anyone else interested in ritual and religious practice in Africa. The document opens with an introduction to the Berbers of the High Atlas of Morocco, who speak Tamazight, a form of a Berber language which has a number of different dialects through North Africa.

A whole section is devoted to the analysis of their segmentary type of tribal organization, and what has been discussed in the past by anthropologists interested in segmentary structures of social organization in past anthropological literature. The various mechanisms of affiliations and alliances, recognized by Berbers Imazighen in this part of the world about the middle of the twentieth century, are also examined and assessed as to their function and place in the tapestry of relations not just among the Ait Arbaa, but more generally among the Berbers of that region.

The presence of marabouts, saintly men such as Sidi Asdal, the local saint of the upper Tessawt Valley, and a maraboutic complex which antedates the arrival of Islam and has been incorporated into religious practice in Moorcco, are also introduced and discussed in a separate section of the book.

The concept of Baraka blessing, and power of blessing is introduced and analyzed. Social order and the segmentary structure of social organization are singularly modified by the presence of these powerful saintly men with Baraka as opposed to the rule of elected, temporal chiefs, or amghars. A model of equilibrium, fluidity, and flexibility emerges from such a factor at the core of a structured, hierarchical society. The ritual of Tazzunt itself is presented, explained, and analyzed. An anthropological reflection on the importance of ritual, song and dance, rounds up the presentation.

The High Atlas Mountains Springs source of livelihood for the Berbers

All aspects of the presentation of the ritual of Tazzunt and its meaning for the villagers and mountain people of the Tessawt Valley are backed by a series of poems and songs which were translated from their original Tamazight composition into French by Hassan Jouad, and subsequently translated from the French into English by the author of the book, Helene Hagan.

The poetry is essential to the actual substance and meaning of the actions described. In addition to the importance of the poetry which accompanies the prose of the explanatory text, the author had the extraordinary luck to come across a set of photographs taken in that valley, around the very time that this document was being written. These photographs were taken by two architects, Anne and Olivier Fougerat, who were kind enough to share their beautiful photography taken in May of in the Upper Tessawt Valley of the High Atlas of Moroc.

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Tazz'unt: Ecology, Social Order and Ritual in the Tessawt Valley of the High Atlas of Morocco

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Darby Bible Translation In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. English Revised Version In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Webster's Bible Translation In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. World English Bible In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. And the evening and the morning were the second day. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus.

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The next step is to enter your payment information. You can cancel anytime during the trial period. There are more than people on death row in Morocco, where the death penalty is often handed out, but there have been no executions for almost 20 years. Saturday, October 22, Morocco in the News, October 22nd.

Morocco wants companies to contribute to new social fund. Oct 20 Reuters - Morocco's government plans to have companies contribute to a new social solidarity fund but aims to exempt banking, telecom, cement and insurance firms in its budget bill for , Finance and Economy Minister Salaheddine Mezouar told Reuters on Thursday. It is the first time a government minister has acknowledged that such contributions were included in the budget for , a first draft of which the government withdrew in late September just before submitting it to parliament.

Investors are keen to see how the final version of next year's budget looks because the government must find the cash to cover increased spending plans. But Mezouar added that the government that comes in after parliamentary polls due on Nov. The fund was set up to alleviate the growing burden on public finances of food and energy subsidies which have almost trebled from what was initially budgeted for as the North African country sought to prevent any spillover from revolts rocking countries in the region. Officials say the new fund will be key for the reform of the subsidy system in the medium term, making sure that resources benefit those who need them the most.

The state plans to raise cash for the fund also from taxes on tobacco and through a direct contribution from the state budget. Most analysts think that given the frail state of public finances and the scale of social and economic challenges facing the country, future governments will have to reform the tax system. But they also caution that taxing private firms may hurt job creation and further erode their competitiveness amid depressed economic conditions in the EU, Morocco's main trade partners.

Morocco inflation falls in September on food prices. Thu Oct 20, A surge in food and education costs had pushed the consumer price index to a year-high in August when it hit 2. Compared with their level a year earlier, consumer food prices rose 1. Underlying inflation, a gauge used by Morocco's central bank to set the benchmark interest rate that excludes state tariffs and volatile prices, rose by an annual 1. Monday, October 17, Morocco in the News, Oct 17th. The U.

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Embassy in Rabat donated more than journalism books and other materials to the workshop. Her career began in Liberia, where she was a newspaper reporter covering the Liberian civil war for six months before leaving on a Fulbright Fellowship in to pursue graduate studies in the United States. During the workshop, participants formed a journalism club that will meet twice a month to develop an online youth newspaper written in Arabic, English, and French.

The students also learned about using social media to report community events. They created a Facebook page, which now has more than followers, to share local news until the newspaper is launched. Volunteers are assigned to projects in five primary areas: youth development, health, environment, NGO development, and small business development. Volunteers are trained and work in the following languages: Darisha Moroccan Arabic , French, Tamazight, and Tashelheet.